Several parties are involved in the application, allocation, use, and monitoring process of structural support. Everything begins from a specific legal framework, which is developed by the European Commission (EC). The EC then delegates the formation of a national system to a national managing authority (MA) of a specific Member State. The distribution of support is organised on the basis of operational programmes (OP) with their implementation being coordinated by managing ministries (MM). Implementing authorities (IA) are responsible for the implementation of priority axes and the development of specific measures, or support schemes. An implementing body (IU) is a direct contact for the beneficiary, since this level is directly responsible for the implementation of measures – the IUs carry out calls for proposals, make decisions of granting support, and monitor beneficiaries.
The administration system also includes an audit authority (AA), which carries out independent control over the system and the projects that have received support. The paying authority (PA) accepts disbursement applications from the implementing bodies and declares expenditure to the European Commission.
Applying is always based on a specific support application, which is processed by the implementing body according to the rules. After an affirmative funding decision, we can speak about a beneficiary whose activities will be subject to specific requirements and rules in addition to the use of support. For example, during the implementation of the project, it is required to ensure necessary reporting and enable the implementing body to carry out inspections.
The planning of the European structural and investment funds also requires the involvement of various partners, which ensures that the support is directed to fields that need it the most.
In order to involve non-governmental partners in the preparations of the European Union budget period of 2014–2020, a plan was prepared under the initiative of the Ministry of Finance.
The main objectives for the involvement are informing the public and collecting ideas. As a result of the valuable knowledge and cooperation of the parties to be involved, it is expected to prepare high-quality operational programmes and ensure their successful implementation in the future.